The National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine was founded November 27, 1918 in Kyiv. V.I.Vernadsky - a prominent scholar of the world was its first President.
According to current legislation the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine (the NAS of Ukraine, the Academy) is a higher self-governing research organization of the country, based on state ownership. Academy's self-government lies in the self-determination of research topics and forms of their organization and holding. It also lies in the formation of its structure, solving scientific and organizational, economic and personnel issues. In addition, in the implementation of international scientific relations, in electing and collegiality of its management bodies. The Academy brings together the full members, corresponding members and foreign members, as well as all researchers of its institutions. It organizes and carries out fundamental and applied research on the most important issues of natural, technical, social and humanity sciences. The NAS of Ukraine represents the country at nearly 40 international organizations, in particular, the International Association of Academies of Sciences (IAAS), the International Union of Academies (IUA), the European Federation of Academies of Sciences and Humanities (ALLEA), the International Committee on Space Research (COSPAR) and is actively involved in international scientific associations and centres: the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA), the European Research Association of Geophysical Research (EISCAT), the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN), the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (JINR), the UNESCO-MAB Strategic Group to develop a strategy of this program for the next decade, etc. Separate research teams work on each of the abovementioned directions.